An ‘India wanderer’, as he liked to call himself, Gopal Ghose spent his formative years away from his birthplace Kolkata. He was a student of the Government College of Arts & Crafts, Madras. Trained in the style of the Neo-Bengal school under Sailendranath Dey, Abanindranath Tagore, Nandalal Bose and D. P. Roy Chowdhury, Ghose also went on to study sculpture at the Maharaja School of Arts, Jaipur.
On his return to Kolkata in 1943, the artist and his contemporaries formed the Calcutta Group, the first such group of modern Indian artists. For more than two decades, from 1950-72, Ghose taught art at the Government College of Arts & Crafts, Kolkata. Dexterous in handling different mediums, including water colour, tempera, pen and ink, and pastels, Gopal Ghose became a legend in his lifetime for reinterpreting the genre of landscape painting.