Ustad Rashid Khan trained in the arts of Hindustani music tradition. He belongs to the Rampur-Sahaswan gharana, and is the great-grandson of Inayat Hussain Khan and the nephew of Ustad Ghulam Mustafa Khan. Khan includes the slow elaboration in his vilambit khayals in the manner of his maternal grandfather and developed exceptional expertise in the use of sargams and sargam taankari. He is also a master of the tarana but prefers to sings them in his own manner, favouring the khayal style rather than the instrumental stroke-based style. Khan was awarded the Padma Shri, as well as the Sangeet Natak Akademi Award in 2006.